Here’s a list of energy crop producers:
- Infinite Enzymes
Novozymes is a bioinnovation company, using biotechnology to improve the use of resources in more than 40 industries around the world. Their business is industrial enzymes, microorganisms, and biopharmaceutical ingredients.
The development, production, and distribution of enzymes are a major part of the business. The company develops new enzyme technologies that allow the use of new feedstocks in biofuel production, increase the efficiency of feedstock processing, and maximize the utilization of all feedstock components.
It is one of the largest suppliers of enzymes for the existing ethanol industry. Novozymes has been working on enzyme development for cellulosic ethanol, where agricultural residues like straws and corn stover are converted into ethanol, since 2001.
In June 2010, the company and Lignol signed research and development agreement to make biofuel from wood chips and other forestry residues.
Products and Technology
Novozyme’s Cellic® CTec2 is the first commercially viable enzyme for cellulosic ethanol production. CTec2 works with a wide variety of feedstocks and process technologies. According to the company, the enzyme provides high conversion speed and higher total solids and inhibitor tolerance. This leads to lowest enzyme usage costs and flexibility to optimize operating and capital costs
Companies using Cellic® CTec2 enzyme are GreenField Ethanol, Inbicon, Lignol and POET.
In June 2010, announced the launch of a new enzyme, Spirizyme Excel that converts more starch in corn, wheat, and other feedstocks into sugars which can be fermented to ethanol, thereby allowing producers to increase yields by more than one percent. Compared to other available solutions, a typical ethanol plant can gain $1 million or more per year using the enzyme, according to the company.
Dyadic International, Inc. is a global biotechnology company focused on the discovery, development, and manufacturing of novel products derived from the DNA of complex living organisms - including humans - found in the earth’s biodiversity. Using its integrated technology platform, Dyadic develops biological products such as proteins, enzymes, polypeptides and small molecules for applications in large segments of the agricultural, industrial, bioenergy, and chemical and biopharmaceutical industries.
Technology and Product
Dyadic owns and develops the fungus Chrysosporium lucknowense C1 as a platform for the hyper production of a broad variety of enzymes. Dyadic uses this cutting edge patented C1 technology platform along with other proprietary technology to develop biofuels from agricultural by products such as corn stover and wheat straw. Dyadic uses this new technology for themselves and for others in the field of biotechnology.
Dyadic has manufactured and sold enzymes for the textiles, animal feed, starch, and food industries since 1994. The ethanol enzymes developed by the company are AlternaFuel® 100P and AlternaFuel® 200P. The enzymes are powdered fungal hemicellulase complex from Trichoderma longibrachiatum that can effectively be used for the degradation of various lignocellulosic biomass substrates for conversion of biomass to glucose.
To know more about the technology platform –
Codexis is a clean technology company. Codexis develops enzymes that that can be applied to a broad spectrum of industries.. Codexis' technology is commercialized with leading global pharmaceutical companies and in development for advanced biofuels with Shell. Other potential markets include carbon capture, water treatment and chemicals.
The Codexis technology platform combines DNA shuffling, which produces a new custom biocatalyst tailored to perform a specific task, with evolution of high capability fermentation strains. These customized strains, resulting from a suite of systems biology tools, can lead to evolution of new pathways or whole genomes, enables the creation of customized "super" enzymes capable of performing selective chemical processes that can produce high value chemical products to life sciences and energy industries worldwide.
Infinite Enzymes employs plant biotechnology for producing useful, sustainable enzymes for industrial applications based around the concept of corn grain as a bio-factory. The goal of Infinite Enzymes is to produce in a cost-effective corn seed production system, enzymes for industrial applications. The materials produced by these enzymes can be feedstocks for many biobased products as well as for biofuels.
Infinite Enzymes produces enzymes for applications in industry. The company is particularly focused on “green chemistry” that promotes sustainability of manufacturing industries and the environment. The company provides an enabling technology for biomass to ethanol through production of enzymes to deconstruct biomass into fermentable sugars and other feedstock streams. Production of cost-effective enzymes in the huge volumes required is a barrier to success in this industry.
The technology utilizes the transgenic maize production system—producing enzymes in the embryo, or germ, of the corn seed. The starch in the endosperm is available to be converted to ethanol, allowing dual utilization of the crop that is being grown for ethanol and additionally the enzymes—enabling very inexpensive enzyme production.
Zymetis is a biotechnology company dedicated in developing novel enzyme products derived from unique organisms to achieve lower costs, improved yields and higher manufacturing efficiencies in the conversion of cellulosic biomass to useable energy product. Currently, Zymetis maintains programs in next-generation transportation fuels, biochemicals and other products derived from bio-conversion processes.
Zymetis has developed the Zymetis Integrated Process (ZIP), a consolidated bio-processing system for use in the production of a range of end-products from biomass feedstock. Zymetis has engineered production strains of a novel marine organism that can process a wide range of complex feedstock. These strains serve as bacterial hosts for a wide range of metabolic processes, including the production of ethanol, alkanes and a range of other fine and specialty chemicals. Zymetis is developing proprietary strains, as well as works in partnership with other companies that have metabolic constructs.
The company is developing the Ethazyme™ family of enzymes for use in the production of fuel–grade ethanol from biomass. The Ethazyme™ family provides flexible and cost–effective enhancements and alternatives for existing ezymatic strategies for biomass saccharification.
According to the company, Ethazyme™ products, once optimized, are effective on virtually any biomass and can be tailored to most production processes. Zymetis is currently working with consumer and industrial wastes such as waste paper, agricultural wastes such as corn cob and corn stover, timber sources such as paper mill waste and hybrid poplar and emerging fuel crops such as switchgrass.
- Ethanol as Biofuels
- What are feedstocks?
- Properties of Feedstocks for ethanol production
- Yield of Biomass for Various Feedstocks
- Feedstocks used by Various Companies
- Why Cellulosic Ethanol?
- Cellulosic Ethanol Production
- Cellulosic Ethanol Production Value Chain
- Ethanol production methods
- Biochemical Conversion Process
- Thermochemical Conversion process
- Latest Discoveries and Breakthroughs
- R & D Roadmap in Cellulosic Ethanol
- Future projections
- Companies Involved in Producing Cellulosic Ethanol
- Investments & Funding
- Challenges & Barriers in the commercialization process