Status of Jatropha Oil Production in India
Jatropha is seen as the big savior in India after the food-vs.-fuel controversy for all other biofuel feedstocks.
Jatropha incentives are a part of India’s goal to achieve energy independence by the year 2012.
The Government of India has identified 400,000 square kilometers (98 million acres) of land where Jatropha can be grown, hoping it will replace 20 percent of India’s diesel consumption by 2011 This can provide much needed employment to the rural poor of India and also serve as a means to energy independence to India. (Mar 2008)
A Bear Stearns analysis recently found thatU.S.farmers only have the capacity to replace about 7% of the country's gasoline with corn-based ethanol, despite a new federal renewable-fuels target of 15% by 2017. To reach that goal, the U.S.would likely have to find a lot more land. India, by contrast, has millions of acres of wasteland which could be used for Jatropha plantations.
Jatropha plantations have the potential to do well in India due to the following reasons:
- India is a densely populated country and the fallow land holding per farmer is 1 to 10 acres. A farming family can take care of this size of land very easily, as far as plantation, harvesting as well as security is concerned. The infrastructure of roads, housing and market are already available in the villages. This infrastructure substantially reduces cost, as compared to plantations on barren, vast, inhabited lands.
- Most of the farming inIndiais organic by default. Cow dung is used as manure for Jatropha, and it is the cow dung which has made all the difference in low mortality of saplings, good yield, less pests etc.
- InIndia, the day-to-day expenses are quite low and a daily per capita income of US$ 3, in rural areas, is still an acceptable income in many regions. This makes the Indian farmer far more affordable as compared to farmers in developed world.
Optimal Locations of Jatropha Plantation in Indian States
- Introduction to the Biofuel Industry
- Properties of Jatropha
- Characteristics of Jatropha
- Extracting Jatropha Oil
- Pre-extraction of Jatropha Oil
- Extraction of Oil from Jatropha Seed
- Filtration & Purification of Jatropha Oil
- Clarification of the Oil
- Getting Clean Jatropha Oil
- Refining the pure Oil
- Typical Processes & Equipments for Jatropha Oil Refinery Plants
- Removing the toxins from the Meal
- Uses of Jatropha Meal
- Properties of Jatropha Oil
- Global Biodiesel Production and Capacity
- Global Market View on Jatropha
- Strategies for Financing
- Status of Jatropha in Asia
- Status of Jatropha in Europe
- Status of Jatropha in Africa
- Status of Jatropha in South America
- Status of Jatropha in North America
- Status of Jatropha Oil Production in India
- Genetic Engineering in Jatropha
- Status of Genetic Engineering of Jatropha in India
- Present Market Scenario for Jatropha